Welcome, math enthusiasts, curious minds, and trivia buffs! Are you ready to embark on a journey through the fascinating world of numbers and equations?

Whether you’re a math whiz or just looking to have some fun while learning, this collection of math trivia questions and answers is sure to entertain and challenge you.

Math isn’t just about solving problems; it’s a world filled with intriguing facts, surprising connections, and delightful patterns.

So, let’s dive into this engaging mix of questions that span various categories and skill levels.

Grab a pencil, gather your friends and family, and get ready to test your math mettle!

## Math Trivia Questions and Answers

### Basic Arithmetic

**Q:**What is 7 + 8?

**A:**15**Q:**If you have 5 apples and you give away 2, how many do you have left?

**A:**3**Q:**What is 9 x 6?

**A:**54**Q:**What is the result of 81 divided by 9?

**A:**9**Q:**Calculate 100 – 47.

**A:**53**Q:**What is 15% of 200?

**A:**30**Q:**What is the square root of 64?

**A:**8**Q:**What is 7 squared?

**A:**49**Q:**Simplify: 3/4 + 1/4.

**A:**1**Q:**What is 2 to the power of 3?

**A:**8

### Geometry

**Q:**How many sides does a hexagon have?

**A:**6**Q:**What is the name of a 3D shape with 6 faces, all of which are rectangles?

**A:**Rectangular prism**Q:**What is the formula to calculate the area of a circle?

**A:**πr² (pi times the radius squared)**Q:**What type of angle is more than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees?

**A:**Obtuse angle**Q:**How many degrees are in the sum of the interior angles of a triangle?

**A:**180 degrees**Q:**What do you call a polygon with 8 sides?

**A:**An octagon**Q:**What is the perimeter of a rectangle with length 10 units and width 5 units?

**A:**30 units (2*(10 + 5))**Q:**In a right triangle, what is the side opposite the right angle called?

**A:**Hypotenuse**Q:**What is the formula for the area of a triangle?

**A:**1/2*base*height**Q:**What is the term for a line that touches a circle at exactly one point?

**A:**Tangent

### Algebra

**Q:**Solve for x: 2x + 5 = 13.

**A:**x = 4**Q:**What is the quadratic formula?

**A:**x = [-b ± √(b² – 4ac)] / 2a**Q:**Simplify: 3(x + 2) – 4x.

**A:**-x + 6**Q:**What is the value of y in the equation 3y – 4 = 2?

**A:**y = 2**Q:**Solve: 5x – 3 = 2x + 12.

**A:**x = 5**Q:**What is the slope of the line y = 2x + 3?

**A:**2**Q:**If f(x) = 3x + 1, what is f(2)?

**A:**7**Q:**What is the solution to the system of equations: y = 2x and y = x + 3?

**A:**x = 3, y = 6**Q:**Simplify the expression: (x² + 2x + 1) / (x + 1).

**A:**x + 1**Q:**What is the sum of the roots of the equation x² – 5x + 6 = 0?

**A:**5

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### Number Theory

**Q:**What is the smallest prime number?

**A:**2**Q:**What is the greatest common divisor (GCD) of 18 and 24?

**A:**6**Q:**What is the least common multiple (LCM) of 4 and 5?

**A:**20**Q:**What is the 10th prime number?

**A:**29**Q:**What is the sum of the first five prime numbers?

**A:**28**Q:**True or False: 1 is a prime number.

**A:**False**Q:**What is the number of divisors of 6?

**A:**4 (1, 2, 3, 6)**Q:**What is the value of the factorial of 5 (5!)?

**A:**120**Q:**What is the 7th Fibonacci number?

**A:**13**Q:**What is the only even prime number?

**A:**2

### Famous Mathematicians

**Q:**Who is known as the “father of geometry”?

**A:**Euclid**Q:**Which mathematician formulated the theory of relativity?

**A:**Albert Einstein**Q:**Who is credited with the invention of calculus alongside Isaac Newton?

**A:**Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz**Q:**Which mathematician’s work led to the development of Boolean algebra?

**A:**George Boole**Q:**Who is known for the famous equation E = mc²?

**A:**Albert Einstein**Q:**Who proposed the Pythagorean theorem?

**A:**Pythagoras**Q:**Who is known as the “prince of mathematics”?

**A:**Carl Friedrich Gauss**Q:**Which mathematician is famous for his last theorem that was proven true after 358 years in 1994?

**A:**Pierre de Fermat**Q:**Who developed the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine?

**A:**Ada Lovelace**Q:**Who wrote the book “Elements” that became one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics?

**A:**Euclid

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### Math in Nature and Art

**Q:**What mathematical sequence is found extensively in nature, such as in the arrangement of leaves of a flower?

**A:**Fibonacci sequence**Q:**What is the ratio approximately equal to 1.618, often known as the golden ratio?

**A:**Phi (Φ)**Q:**What shape is a honeycomb cell?

**A:**Hexagon**Q:**What is the term for a curve that appears in nature, such as the shape of a snail shell or a galaxy?

**A:**Spiral**Q:**How many petals does a lily typically have?

**A:**6**Q:**Which famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci exemplifies the use of the golden ratio?

**A:**Mona Lisa**Q:**What kind of pattern do pine cones and pineapples exhibit?

**A:**Fibonacci spiral**Q:**True or False: The human face is often believed to be proportioned according to the golden ratio.

**A:**True**Q:**What shape are the cells in a beehive?

**A:**Hexagonal**Q:**What mathematical concept can be used to describe the branching patterns of trees?

**A:**Fractals

### Math History

**Q:**What ancient civilization is credited with the development of the earliest known form of writing, which included numerical data?

**A:**Sumerians**Q:**What numeral system did the ancient Romans use?

**A:**Roman numerals**Q:**Who is considered the father of algebra?

**A:**Al-Khwarizmi**Q:**In which country was the concept of zero as a number first developed?

**A:**India**Q:**What ancient text is one of the oldest surviving works on mathematics?

**A:**The Rhind Papyrus**Q:**Who wrote “The Elements,” a comprehensive compilation of the mathematical knowledge of his time?

**A:**Euclid**Q:**What is the name of the ancient Greek mathematician who calculated the circumference of the Earth?

**A:**Eratosthenes**Q:**Which mathematician is known for his contributions to the theory of probability?

**A:**Blaise Pascal**Q:**Who discovered the laws of planetary motion?

**A:**Johannes Kepler**Q:**Which mathematician and philosopher is known for his statement “Cogito, ergo sum” (I think, therefore I am)?

**A:**René Descartes

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### Math in Everyday Life

**Q:**What is the average of the numbers 4, 8, and 12?

**A:**8**Q:**If you are traveling at 60 miles per hour, how long will it take you to travel 120 miles?

**A:**2 hours**Q:**True or False: A leap year has 366 days.

**A:**True**Q:**What is the probability of rolling a 6 on a standard six-sided die?

**A:**1/6**Q:**If a shirt costs $20 and is on sale for 25% off, what is the sale price?

**A:**$15**Q:**How many cups are in a gallon?

**A:**16 cups**Q:**If you have a 10% discount on a $50 item, how much do you save?

**A:**$5**Q:**What is the sum of the angles in a quadrilateral?

**A:**360 degrees**Q:**What is the perimeter of a square with side length 7 units?

**A:**28 units**Q:**If you split a bill of $45 evenly between 3 people, how much does each person pay?

**A:**$15

### Fun with Numbers

**Q:**What is the only number that has the same number of letters as its value?

**A:**Four**Q:**What is the value of π (pi) up to two decimal places?

**A:**3.14**Q:**What is the smallest positive number that is divisible by both 2 and 3?

**A:**6**Q:**What is 0.75 as a fraction?

**A:**3/4**Q:**If you add up the digits of any multiple of 9, what is the result?

**A:**9**Q:**True or False: The number 1 is both a square and a prime number.

**A:**False**Q:**What is the first three-digit prime number?

**A:**101**Q:**How many seconds are there in an hour?

**A:**3600**Q:**What is the 5th power of 2?

**A:**32**Q:**What number is both a square number and a cube number?

**A:**64 (8² and 4³)

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### Math Puzzles and Riddles

**Q:**I am an odd number. Take away one letter, and I become even. What number am I?

**A:**Seven**Q:**If two’s company and three’s a crowd, what are four and five?

**A:**Nine**Q:**What comes next in the sequence: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, _?

**A:**23 (Prime numbers)**Q:**A bat and a ball cost $1.10 in total. The bat costs $1 more than the ball. How much does the ball cost?

**A:**$0.05**Q:**How can you make the number seven even without addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division?

**A:**Remove the “s” (making it “even”).**Q:**If three cats catch three mice in three minutes, how many cats are needed to catch 100 mice in 100 minutes?

**A:**3 cats**Q:**What comes after a trillion?

**A:**Quadrillion**Q:**If you have three apples and you take away two, how many do you have?

**A:**Two (the ones you took)**Q:**The more you take, the more you leave behind. What am I?

**A:**Footsteps**Q:**Divide 30 by 1/2 and add 10. What do you get?

**A:**70

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## Final Thoughts

And there you have it—120+ math trivia questions and answers to test your knowledge and spark your curiosity! From basic arithmetic to famous mathematicians, this trivia collection covers a broad spectrum of topics that reveal the beauty and intrigue of mathematics.

Whether you’re practicing for a quiz night, looking to impress your friends, or just want to learn something new, these questions offer a fun and engaging way to explore the world of math. Remember, math is not just a subject; it’s a universe filled with endless wonders, patterns, and connections waiting to be discovered.

So, keep pondering, keep calculating, and most importantly, keep having fun with numbers. Happy quizzing!

Katherine is the passionate educator and writer behind HandwritingwithKatherine.com. As a dedicated teacher, she cherishes the art of handwriting and its unique reflection of individuality. Beyond the classroom, Katherine delves into the world of writing, sharing a blend of educational insights and personal stories. When she’s not teaching or blogging, Katherine can be found exploring bookshops or writing with a comforting cup of tea in hand.